The ancient synagogue of the village of Baram was constructed from large and particularly beautiful hewn stones. The size of the building is evidence that a highly successful Jewish community lived in this area during the fourth and fifth centuries. The facade, which is preserved almost in its entirety, is especially remarkable. All three gates face Jerusalem and are decorated with exquisite stone engravings; the imposing center gate is especially ornate. Little remains from Baram`s second, smaller synagogue, apart form the lintel now on display at the Louvre.
Baram National Park also contains the ruins of the Maronite village of Biram. In 1948, the Israel Defense Forces ordered the residents to abandon their homes for security reasons. The church remained intact and now is the spiritual center of the members of the Maronite community.
Near the synagogue is the Baram Oaks Nature Reserve, a rare natural forest with unusually tall kermes oaks.
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