Al Aqsa Mosque literally translates to “the farthest” mosque (from the sacred mosque in Mecca), and is one of the most sacred locations for Muslims.
The mosque itself can accommodate about 5,000 worshippers. Non-Muslims are some days they allow visitors to enter the compound.
According to the Quran, Allah allegedly took Muhammad on a journey from the Kabah in Mecca to the Temple at Jerusalem:
Glory to (Allah) Who did take His Servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Farthest Mosque (Masjid al-Aqsa), whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things). S. 17:1
Al Aqsa Mosque was originally built as a wooden structure by the Umayyads in 710 CE. Amid fires and earthquakes over the next three centuries, the mosque was rebuilt five times until the last major retrofit in 1035 CE.
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